VISION DEVELOPMENT

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  • Held, Richard. Exposure-history as a factor in maintaining stability of perception and coordination. Journal of Nervous Mental Diseases, 1961, 132, 26-32.

Also in:

  • Readings for General Psychology, (R.A. Lockhart, Ed.), Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1967.
  • Visual Pattern Recognition, (Peter C. Dodwell, Ed.), New York: Reinholt and Winston, 1970.
  • Held, Richard. The role of movement in the origin and maintenance of visual perception. Acta Psychologica, 1964, 23, 308-309.
  • White, Burton L.; Castle, Peter; and Held, Richard. Observations on the development of visually-directed reaching. Child Development, 1964, 35, 349-364.

Also in:

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  • Exceptional Infant: The Normal Infant, Volume I, Seattle, Washington: Special Child Publications, 1967.
  • Haynes, Harold; White, Burton L.; and Held, Richard. Visual accommodation in human infants. Science, 1965, 148, 528-530.
  • White, Burton L.; and Held, Richard. Plasticity of sensorimotor development. In: The Causes of Behavior: Readings in Child Development and Educational Psychology (J. Rosenblith and W. Allinsmith, Eds.), Allyn & Bacon, 1966 (second edition), 291-313.

Also in:

  • The Child: A Book of Readings. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1969.
  • Leehey, Susan Cohen; Moskowitz-Cook, Ann; Brill, Sarah; and Held, Richard. Orientational anisotropy in infant vision. Science, 1975, 190 (4217), 900-902.
  • Held, Richard. Early deprivation and meridional variation in visual acuity. In: Neuroscience Research Program Bulletin, "Neuronal Mechanisms in Visual Perception" (J. Dowling, R. Held, and E. Poppel, Eds.), 1977, 15, (3), 467-469.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Brill, Sarah; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Infant visual acuity and its meridional variation. Vision Research, 1978, 18, 1557-1564.
  • Held, Richard. Development of visual acuity in normal and astigmatic infants. In: Frontiers in Visual Science (S.J. Cool and E.L. Smith, III, Eds.), New York: Springer-Verlag, 1978, 712-719.
  • Held, Richard. Perception processing capabilities and their development. In: Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, "Interrelations of the Communicative Senses," 1978, 263-274.
  • Mohindra, Indra; Held, Richard; Gwiazda, Jane; and Brill, Sarah. Astigmatism in infants. Science, 1978, 202, 329-331.
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  • Owens, D. Alfred; and Held, Richard. The development of ocular accommodation. Cahiers de 1'Orthoptie III, R. Pigassou-Albuoy (Ed.). Tooulouse: A.F.I.M., 1978, 11-23.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Brill, Sarah; and Held, Richard. New methods for testing infant vision. The Sightsaving Review, 1979, 49, 61-69. Held, Richard. Development of visual resolution. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 1979, 33, 213-221.
  • Held, Richard; Gwiazda, Jane; Brill, Sarah; Mohindra, Indra; and Wolfe, Jeremy. Infant visual acuity is underestimated because near threshold gratings are not preferentially fixated. Vision Research, 1979, 19, 1377-1379.
  • Mohindra, Indra; Jacobson, Samuel G.; Thomas, Joseph; and Held, Richard. Development of amblyopia in infants. Transactions of the Ophthalmological Societies of the U.K., 1979, 99, 344-346.
  • Thomas, Joseph; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Strabismic amblyopia in infants. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 1979, 56 (3), 197-201.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Wolfe, Jeremy; Brill, Sarah; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Quick assessment of preferential looking acuity in infants. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 1980, 57, 420-427.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Brill, Sarah; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Preferential looking acuity in infants from two to fifty-eight weeks of age. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 1980, 57, 428-432.
  • Held, Richard; Birch, Eileen E.; and Gwiazda, Jane. Stereoacuity of human infants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 1980, 77, 5572-5574.
  • Owens, D. Alfred; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. The effectiveness of a retinoscope beam as an accommodative stimulus. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1980, 19, 942-949.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Birch, Eileen E.; and Held, Richard. Le development de la vision chez l-'enfant. La Recherche, 1981, 128, 1348-1353.

Also appeared as:

  • "El Desarrollo de la Vision en El Nino." Munde Cientifico, 1981, 2 (11), 120-125.
  • Held, Richard. Development of acuity in infants with normal and anomalous visual experience. In: Development of Perception (Volume 2), (R.N. Aslin, J.R. Alberts, and M.R. Petersen, Eds.), New York: Academic Press, 1981, 279-296.
  • Held, Richard. New methods of refracting and testing the visual resolution of infants. In: Clinical Applications of Visual Psychophysics (L.M. Proenza, J.M. Enoch, and A. Jampolsky, Eds.), New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981, 121-129.
  • Jacobson, Samuel G., Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Development of visual acuity in infants with congenital cataracts. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 1981, 65, 727-735.
  • Jacobson, Samuel G.; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Age of onset of amblyopia in infants with esotropia. Documenta Ophthalmologica, Proceedings Series, 1981, 30, 210-216.
  • Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Refractions in humans from birth to five years. Documenta Ophthalmologica, Proceedings Series, 1981, 28, 19-27.
  • Birch, Eileen E.; Gwiazda, Jane; and Held, Richard. Stereoacuity development for crossed and uncrossed disparities in human infants. Vision Research, 1982, 22, 507-513.
  • Held, Richard. Visual development: from resolution to perception. In: Perspectives on Mental Representations: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Cognitive Processes and Capacities, (J. Mehler, E. Walker, & M. Garrett, Eds.), Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1982, 339-407.
  • Jacobson, Samuel G.; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Visual acuity of infants with ocular diseases. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 1982, 93, 198-209.
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  • Naegele, Janice R.; and Held, Richard. The postnatal development of monocular optokinetic nystagmus in infants. Vision Research, 1982, 22, 341-346.
  • Birch, Eileen E.; and Held, Richard. The development of binocular summation in human infants. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1983, 24, 1103-1107.
  • Birch, Eileen E.; Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph A.; Naegele, Janice; and Held, Richard. Visual acuity and its meridional variations in children aged 7 to 60 months. Vision Research, 1983, 23, 1019-1024.
  • Birch, Eileen; Gwiazda, Jane; and Held, Richard. The development of vergence does not account for the onset of stereopsis. Perception, 1983, 12, 331-336.
  • Jacobson, Samuel G.; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Monocular visual form deprivation in human infants. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 1983, 55, 199-211.
  • Jacobson, Samuel G.; Mohindra, Indra; Held, Richard; Dryja, T.P.; and Albert, D.M. Visual acuity development in tyrosinase negative oculocutaneous albinism. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 1983, 56, 337.
  • Mohindra, Indra; Jacobson, Samuel G.; and Held, Richard. Binocular vision form deprivation in human infants. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 1983, 55, 237-249.
  • Mohindra, Indra; Jacobson, Samuel G.; Zwaan, Johan; and Held, Richard. Psychophysical assessment of visual acuity in infants with visual disorders. Behavioral Brain Research, 1983, 10, 51-58.
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  • Naegele, Janice R.; and Held, Richard. The development of optokinetic nystagmus and the effects of abnormal visual experience during infancy. In: Spatially Oriented Behavior (M. Jeannerod and A. Hein, Eds.) Springer-Verlag, 1983.
  • Wolfe, Jeremy; Gwiazda, Jane; and Held, Richard. The meaning of non-monotonic psychometric functions in the assessment of infant preferential looking acuity. Vision Research, 1983, 23, 917-920.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Scheiman, Mitchell; and Held, Richard. Anisotropic resolution in children's vision. Vision Research, 1984, 24, 527-531.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Scheiman, Mitchell; Mohindra, Indra; and Held, Richard. Astigmatism in children: changes in axis and amount from birth to six years. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1984, 25, 88-92.
  • Shimojo, Shinsuke; Birch, Eileen E.; Gwiazda, Jane; and Held, Richard. Development of vernier acuity in infants. Vision Research, 1984, 24, 721-728.
  • Shimojo, Shinsuke; and Held, Richard. Development of visual acuities in infants. Japanese Journal of Psychonomic Science, 1984, 2, 1-16.
  • Birch, Eileen E.; Shimojo, Shinsuke; and Held, Richard. Preferential-looking assessment of fusion and stereopsis in infants aged 1 to 6 months. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1985, 26, 366-370.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Mohindra, Indra; Brill, Sarah; and Held, Richard. Infant astigmatism and meridional amblyopia. Vision Research, 1985, 25, (9), 1269-1276.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Mohindra, Indra; Brill, Sarah; and Held, Richard. The development of visual acuity in infant astigmats. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1985, 26 (12), 1717-1723.
  • Held, Richard. Binocular vision - behavioral and neuronal development. In: Neonate Cognition: Beyond the Blooming, Buzzing Confusion. (Jacques Mehler and Robin Fox, Eds.), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1985, 37-44.
  • Mohindra, Indra; Zwaan, Johan; Held, Richard; Brill, Sarah; and Zwaan, Fransje. Development of acuity and stereopsis in infants with esotropia. Ophthalmology, 1985, 92 (5), 691-697.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph A.; Thorn, Frank; and Held, Richard. Meridional amblyopia does result from astigmatism in early childhood. Clinical Vision Sciences, 1986, 1 (2), 145-152.
  • Held, Richard. Visual development, infant. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 1986.
  • Shimojo, Shinsuke; and Bauer, Joseph A.; O'Connell, Kathleen M.; and Held, Richard. Pre-stereoptic binocular vision in infants. Vision Research, 1986, 26 (3), 501-510.
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  • Shimojo, Shinsuke; and Held, Richard. Vernier acuity is less than grating acuity in 2 and 3 month olds. Vision Research, 1987, 27 (1), 77-86.
  • Thorn, Frank; Held, Richard; and Fang, Li-Luo. Orthogonal astigmatic axes in Chinese and Caucasian infants. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1987, 28, 191-194.
  • Held, Richard. Normal visual development and its deviations. Presented at the Wenner-Gren International Symposium on 'Strabismus and Amblyopia,' June 1987, In: Strabismus and Amblyopia, (Lennerstrand, Von Noorden, Campos, Eds.), Wenner-Gren International Symposium Series, 1988, volume 49, 247-257.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph A.; and Held, Richard. Binocular function in human infants: correlation of stereoptic and fusion-rivalry discriminations. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 1989, 26 (3), 128-132.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph; A.; and Held, Richard. From visual acuity to hyperacuity: a ten-year update. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 1989, 43 (2).
  • Held, Richard. Development of cortically mediated visual processes in human infants. In: Neurobiology of Early Infant Behavior (von Euler, Forssberg, Lagercrantz, Eds.), MacMillan Press, Inc., Great Britain, 1989, 155-164.
  • Held, Richard. Perception and its neuronal mechanisms. The Biology of Cognition, (a special issue of) Cognition, 1989, 33, 139-154.
  • Held, Richard. On the development of human vision. In: Proceedings of Yakult International Symposium 1990, 41-48, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich Japan, Inc.
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  • Van Sluyters, Richard C.; Atkinson, Janette; Banks, Martin S.; Held, Richard; Hoffman, K. Peter; and Shatz, Carla J. The development of vision and visual perception. In: Visual Perception: The Neurophysiological Foundations (L. Spillmann, J. Werner, Eds.), Academic Press, 1990, 349-379.
  • Held, Richard. Development of binocular vision and stereopsis. In: Binocular Vision, Volume 9 of "Vision and Visual Dysfunction" (J. Cronly-Dillon, Ed.), MacMillan Press Ltd, London, 1991, 170-178.
  • Held, Richard. Correlating perceptual and neuronal development. In: Analytic Approaches to Human Cognition (Alegria, Holender, de Morais and Radeau, Eds.), 19-23, Elsevier Science Publishers, 1992.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph; Thorn, Frank; and Held, Richard. Shifts in tonic accommodation after near work are related to refractive errors in children. J. Ophthalmic & Physiologic Optics, April 1993.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Thorn, Frank; Bauer, Joseph; and Held, Richard. Emmetropization and the progression of manifest refraction in children followed from infancy to puberty. Clinical Vision Sciences, 1993, 8 (4), 337-344.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Thorn, Frank; Bauer, Joseph; and Held, Richard. Myopic children show insufficient accommodative response to blur. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1993, 34 (3), 690-694.
  • Held, Richard. Development of Binocular Vision Revisited. In: Brain Development and Cognition: A Reader, (M. H. Johnson, Ed.), Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Held, Richard. Two Stages in the Development of Binocular Vision and Eye Alignment. In: Early Visual Development: Normal and Abnormal, (K. Simons, Ed.), Committee on Vision, National Research Council, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1993.
  • Held, Richard. What can rates of development tell us about underlying mechanisms? In: Visual Perception and Cognition in Infancy (C. Granrud, Ed.), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1993, 75-89.
  • Held, Richard; Thorn, Frank; Gwiazda, Jane; and Bauer, Joseph. Development of binocularity and its sexual differentiation. In: Infant Vision. From the 4th Child Vision Research Society Meeting on Infant Vision held in Lyon in July 1993. Oxford University Press, (Vital-Durand, F. Ed.).
  • Held, Richard. The Development of Binocular Vision. In: Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology: Basic Sciences, (D. M. Albert and F. A. Jakobiec, Eds.), W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA, 1994.
  • Thorn, Frank; Gwiazda, Jane; Cruz, Antonio; Bauer, Joseph; and Held, Richard. The development of eye alignment, convergence, and sensory binocularity in young infants. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1994, 35 (2), 544-553.
  • Thorn, F.; Gwiazda, J.; Cruz, A. A.V.; Bauer, J. A.; and Held, R. The development of eye alignment, convergence, and sensory binocularity in young infants. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1994, 35 (2), 544-553.
  • Held, Richard. The Development of Binocular Vision. In: Principles and Practices of Ophthalmology: Basic Sciences, (D. M. Albert and F. A. Jakobiec, Eds.), W. E. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA, 1996.
  • Gwiazda, Jane; Bauer, Joseph; Thorn, Frank; and Held, Richard. Prediction of myopia in children. In: Infant Vision, Oxford University Press (Vital-Durand, F. Ed.), 1997.
  • Gwiazda, J.; Bauer, J.; Thorn, F.; and Held, R. Development of spatial contrast sensitivity from infancy to adulthood: Psychophysical data. Optometry and Vision Science, 1997, 74 (10), 785-789.
  • Gwiazda, J.; Ong, E.; Held, R.; and Thorn, F. Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. Nature, 2000, 404 (6774), 144.
  • Held, R.; Ostrovsky, Y.; deGelder, B.; Gandhi, T.; Ganesh, S.; Mathur, U.; and Sinha, P. Newly sighted cannot match seen and felt. Nature Neuroscience, 2011, 14, 551-553.
  • Sinha, P. and Held, R. Sight-restoration. F1000 Journal, 2012, Med. Rep. 4:17.
  • Sinha, P.; Wulff, J.; and Held, R. Establishing cross-modal mappings: Empirical and Computational Investigations. In: "The Unity of the Senses," (Christopher Hill and David Vennett, Eds.), 2014, MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.